Satellites are one of the technologies that contribute the most to air control. In addition to its use for telecommunications, today they also serve to establish maps and carry out aerospace research studies. Now, in Europe, the use of these satellites has been considered so they have better air control.
Almost a century ago, the Croydon airport, located in London, was the first to have an air control system. It was a time where aviation was not a market as competitive as today. And few people opted for this means of transport as an alternative to travel.
Today the market is much stronger. According to the latest calculations, it is estimated that by the year 2035, the number of flights made worldwide would be around 7.2 billion. Precisely this is one of the reasons why the Space Agency of Europe (ESA) wishes to anticipate the problems that air control may have.
Carbon dioxide emissions will be reduced
To begin with, a study is being carried out where trackers have been installed in 20 commercial aircraft. This test will thoroughly analyze how to establish smarter air routes. In such a way that carbon dioxide emissions are controlled. And that at the same time, more reasonable use of fuel is made.
Currently, in terms of air travel, emissions reach a percentage of 3% of carbon dioxide worldwide. With this test of satellites, in Europe, there will be a much faster and safer type of transport, as well as much more ecological.
Satellites will offer a much clearer perspective on how aircraft movements behave. This way you can improve air control to make it much more optimal. The terminals that are used in the 20 commercial airplanes have received the name of Iris.
A much more reliable type of communication will be obtained
In this European air navigation test, the support of pilots and air traffic controllers is a must. Since one of the aspects that concern the most today is the saturation in communications. Since due to the high number of flights, communication channels between pilots and controllers have increased exponentially.
The idea is to solve this situation with the contribution of the digital information that the satellites would additionally provide. And in Europe, which is one of the continents with the greatest tourism in the world, this will be a great help. So much for the takeoffs of the airplanes, as well as in the trajectory of the flight and the landing.
Practically, some experts in the field, ensure that the Iris system will generate an authentic highway where more information will be filtered. This information will be synthesized through various algorithms. Thus allowing communications between aircraft and control towers to be smarter.
Better monitored routes
This satellite control program is included in the European Single Sky Air Traffic Management. All the progress that air control will represent will guarantee a type of security where communication errors are reduced and where the technology will have state-of-the-art firewalls.
The European Space Agency states that very soon this technology could be in the process of being implemented. And that in the long term it could also extend its service internationally. The study of air travel in the 20 commercial airplanes will happen over a period of six months.
Throughout this time, it will focus on allowing the results to be precise and serious so that the program is launched throughout Europe.