Elephants: that species that generates so much controversy in zoos and circuses. Well, new news about this species has excited the ecologist and animal community of the planet. According to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), it has stipulated a new law for elephants.
Both CITES and the European Union met to discuss some of the regulations that are being given to the same species and global flora. CITES, which is currently made up of 182 countries, endorsed the proposal to limit the export of elephants are to be used in circuses or zoos. A strict limitation can only be missed in exceptional cases.
In Spain, the Ministry for Ecological Transition has indicated that in order to carry out live elephants at the national level, they must be endorsed by the Animals Committee and the International Union for the Conservation of Nature. This means that strong legislation has been created so that this animal species is treated with much more respect.
1,774 copies exported since 1990
Historically, elephants are one of the most exploited species in terms of entertainment. There are many circuses that come to this animal to exploit their intelligence and display icons by way of alluding to the greatness of the animal kingdom. This has often led to them being treated in very precarious conditions.
As Frank Pope, who is the president and Save the Elephants, indicates, this adopted regulation contributes to the welfare of elephants and prevents kidnapping of offspring to be taken to zoos. This is a very important step to dignify this species over the decades has been of feeling among hunters and businessmen from circuses.
According to the figures, just between the 1990s and 2017, about 1,774 elephants were taken from their natural environment to be taken abroad. It is estimated that 583 of these animals went to have a presence in circuses and exhibition venues. And at least about 331 went to zoos in the United States, Mexico, and China.
Africa is the main exporter of elephants
The trade of these animals has been increasing significantly in recent years, which in itself deteriorates the fate of elephants and their living conditions. The exploitation of elephants is quite strong in the area of the African continent, where a large number of species are still preserved.
However, it is precisely the African countries that are most likely to export to this species. In Zimbabwe, there are about 80,000 elephants, while in Botswana the figure is 130,000. The priority issue in these countries, in the face of these animals, is the way in which animal territory must be controlled and the scenario in which human communities live.
What happens is that the elephants can get to attack the settlements of the communities, destroying their fields of crops, as well as the same people. It has been precisely this phenomenon that has justified the export of these animals, as well as sport hunting.
Miserable living conditions for elephants
The other phenomenon that contributes precisely to the exploitation of elephants is precisely that people come to quench their curiosity through the exhibition centers or the circuses themselves. The economy that is built around this species is very well-founded and it is necessary to change the factors and values that are faced with this species so that its destiny is more positive.
According to scientists, elephants are a species that is characterized by having great sensitivity to their emotions. It is a type of species that feels joy when it is with its relatives, as well as nostalgia and pain when they are separated from their communities.
The elephant expert Joyce Poole says that this is a species that suffers greatly in terms of physical and psychological damage, given the techniques adopted by the human being to tame their behavior. This, adding to the miserable conditions of life to which they are subjected, intensifies the lifestyle of the elephants.
The start of a new era
So the decision taken by CITES and the European Union, gives a light of hope for these animals to be treated kindly, respecting their rights as a species. At the time of 1930 it was estimated that the number of African elephants was a maximum of 10 million copies.
Today there is talk of a total of half a million elephants. According to the census carried out in 2016, the existence of around 350,000 elephants was recorded. The new era established with this legislation will contribute greatly to the conservation of this species is maintained.