Air quality has plummeted significantly in recent decades. One of the issues most addressed in recent years has been climate change. Year after year, numerous science congresses and seminars have been held. All related to carbon dioxide emissions. These emissions are responsible for the greenhouse effect and the rapid rise in temperature around the world.
It is common for experts to talk about the number of victims who die each year from pollution.
But few studies are devoted to actually predicting the number of people who could be saved. Only if carbon dioxide emissions are reduced in the world’s major cities.
Greenhouse effect and global warming
Recently, the World Health Organization released a report on air quality. The study showed the relationship between air pollution and the number of people who die each year. To do this, they measured the casualties caused by cardio-respiratory diseases. Like lung cancer.
It is a bitter reality that the number of premature deaths due to air quality has skyrocketed. But this is not an excuse, but another reason to start developing a more effective strategy to curb pollution.
The report was written by WHO in collaboration with researchers at Duke University. The most important idea is that a significant number of premature deaths could be avoided. If only 154 of the world’s largest cities agreed to limit their production of carbon dioxide.
Another indispensable agreement would be to establish as a goal that the earth’s temperature rises only 1.5 C°.
If these two initiatives occur, up to 4.4 and 4 million individuals could be saved in Calcutta and Delhi alone, two of India’s most populous cities.
Current Deficiencies in Emission Reduction
Nicholas Drew Shindell, professor and professor of Earth Science at the Duke School of the Environment, emphasized that our current approach to reducing carbon dioxide emissions has elementary flaws. These deficiencies must be corrected if we want to have truly sustainable ecological projects.
Shindlell is concerned that our projections give too much weight to the idea that carbon dioxide emissions will fall dramatically in the future. There is no solid plan or strategy to bring about this change.
The professor explains, with great aplomb, that betting that the majority of the world’s population will gradually stop using fossil fuel is as naive and impractical as taking out a loan trusting that in the future we will have an income big enough to pay our debt.
With the plan proposed by WHO, 1 million lives can be saved in 13 cities in Africa and Asia. But not only the population of these two continents would benefit.
Other large cities, in different latitudes of the globe, would also obtain a positive balance from following this program for the reduction of emissions. These cities include St. Petersburg, Moscow, Mexico City, Puebla, Sao Paulo, New York and Los Angeles.
The main motivation for the development of this program is to demonstrate that if we all collaborate, the earth can evolve at the same pace as man.