The oral hygiene of the smallest of the house is something very important that must be taken care of. We can not forget about it because it can bring many complications in the form of cavities and other problems, such as bad occlusion of teeth or dental trauma. Let’s explain when we should start brushing our teeth or how to act in cases of blows. Everything for our children to have a healthy smile.
In fact, international bodies advise taking children to the dentist from the age of two. However, in Spain less than half of the children (46%) under the age of 6 go to the dentist. Regular dental check-ups from infancy are recommended in order to prevent some oral problems. Luckily, 70% of children brush their teeth daily, two or more times. Despite this, 50% of children between the ages of 6 and 8 have at least one cavity.
Baby teeth and permanent teeth
It’s never too late for children to start taking care of their teeth, but it’s up to parents to set an example. It is essential to show good oral habits and practice them with children so that they can learn. The sooner they start, the more likely they are to avoid tooth decay, one of the most common childhood health problems.
Baby teeth can start appearing after 4 months. At the age of 3, all primary or milk teeth are usually present, and permanent teeth appear from 6 to 21. Therefore, the first 20 years of life the teeth are in continuous change and development. That’s why it’s important to acquire a cleaning discipline from a very young age.
Each mouth has a specific care and must be taken into account. It is important that children get practice from an early age.
The first thing we should do is try to prevent any type of dental complication. For this we have to be aware of the possible problems that can appear in the mouths of our children if we do not. In addition, we need to create good habits in them and explain to them why they should not spend the day eating candy or knick-knacks. The most effective measures we should put in place are:
- Limit sugar to avoid tooth decay.
- Provide sufficient fluoride through water consumption or the enamel strengthening treatment performed in the dentist’s office.
- Ask your dentist about dental sealants that provide additional protection.
- Teach children how to brush and floss daily. Make it fun to encourage them to follow.
Dental care for children
There is a wide range of oral products that can help parents instill this healthy habit in their children. The key is to make it fun so children pay more attention. It is advisable to brush your teeth together with your children to turn it into a ritual and for the child to end up looking for it.
- Provide your child with fluoride toothpaste, but make sure he doesn’t ingest it.
- There are specific brushes for different age ranges of children. Each one adapts to the needs and particularities of the different ages.
- When kids get older they need some independence, so letting them take responsibility for brushing their teeth will please them.
- There are brushes for children decorated with the favorite drawings of the youngest your children will relate the brushing with fun.
Obstacles to Dental Care
Parents may face a number of obstacles in maintaining their children’s oral hygiene.
- Thumb sucking: Some young children still suck their thumb after the pacifier has been removed. This practice is not recommended when the permanent teeth begin to grow, it must be stopped before.
- Fear of the dentist: If he experiences fear and refuses to come to the consultation you can put him on your lap during the check-up to make him feel safe.
- Create a cleaning routine: You may have difficulty creating a brushing routine. By involving the whole family you will be able to encourage your child and become an example to follow. Brush your teeth every day at the same time and you’ll create the habit.
- Appearance of antibiotic stains: If this happens, you should consult your pediatrician and tell him or her before prescribing any medication.
- Eating a lot of candy: Try to prevent your children from eating too much candy that can damage their teeth and encourage tooth decay. Healthy snacks such as vegetables, yogurts or cheese are the most recommended.
- Sport can cause injuries: During exercise there can be accidents that cause injury to your child’s teeth. It is advisable to use a protector.