Nowadays, there’re a lot of places and ecosystems in danger of extinction. Climate change is one of the most debated issues in recent years. Although it still has some detractors, we can assure you that it is a reality today. It is no coincidence that the Paris Agreement of 2015, which sets out a plan of action against climate change at global level, was signed by 195 countries. This agreement set the goal of keeping the global average temperature below 2°C above pre-industrial levels.
To this end, a series of measures aimed at reducing emissions worldwide were presented. According to data from the conference, 80% of the world’s pollution is caused by the most developed countries. China leads the list with almost 30% of the total. Apart from emissions, there are other factors that are accelerating this climate change, such as deforestation.
Thus, one of the most serious consequences of this climate change is the loss of some of our planet’s places and ecosystems. In fact, according to a report by the International Union for Conservation of Nature, the list of ecosystems in danger of extinction increased from 35 to 62 in just three years. In large measure by the increase in global temperature of the planet. We are going to show you some of these places, many of them of incomparable beauty and that we could lose in the next years.
The Aral Sea
The Aral Sea is located between Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. It became the fourth largest lake in the world with 68,000 square kilometers. But unfortunately at present its water surface is only 10%. In addition, several endemic fish species have become extinct. It is listed as one of the biggest environmental disasters in recent years.
The Dead Sea
The Dead Sea is a salt lake located between the countries of Jordan, the West Bank and Israel. It is 435 meters below sea level and continues to decline every year. One of the reasons it is so salty is that there are no exits to the outside. It receives water from the Jordan River and other smaller rivers, but the water does not flow into any ocean. It has a density of 1.24 kg / liter, which makes people who bathe in its waters practically float. During the last few years there has been an over-exploitation of its waters, causing their level to be lower and lower.
Karstic springs in Australia
They are located in Australia and occupy an area of more than 8 square kilometers. They are now protected, as they are in danger of extinction. Many of the species that inhabit its waters are also on the verge of extinction.
Giant Algae Forests in Alaska
These aquatic “forests” are located in Alaska, although we could rather call them "submarine forests". They are made up of algae that can measure up to 50 meters and form a really beautiful ecosystem. In recent years part of this ecosystem has been destroyed by several causes, the most dangerous of all is the increase of sea urchins, which devastate these forests of algae.
Coral Reefs in the Caribbean
More than 60% of the world’s coral reefs are in danger of disappearing. Its biggest threats are climate change, as rising water temperatures cause coral bleaching. And the other major threat is human action, both from over-fishing and tourism.
The Reef of Belize
According to various studies, Belize’s reef, which is also in the Caribbean Sea, could disappear in just 20 years. It is one of the most bio-diverse ecosystems in the world. But it is seriously threatened by climate change, human intervention and natural disasters. In 1998 the reef lost half of the species that inhabit its waters due to Hurricane Mitch.
The Great Barriel Reef
Continuing with the coral reefs, it’s the Great Barrier Reef's turn. It is found in Australia and has also lost in recent years 50% of the species that inhabited it. Like Belize’s reef,
it is estimated that it could disappear in less than 50 years. Natural disasters and global warming are also responsible for its degradation. There is also the incursion of an invasive species (starfish) that feeds on its coral.
The Summits of Kilimanjaro
Kilimanjaro is found in Africa. It is the highest mountain on the continent, with an altitude of 5,895 meters. The most striking thing about this peak is the contrast of its snow-capped peaks with the country of the African continent. Without doubt a spectacle for the sight. But again the rise in temperature in the world has caused the mountain to lose 85% of the snow accumulated in its peaks. According to some studies, at this rate there won't be any snow left for 20 years.
The Glaciers of Patagonia
In the south of Argentina, you will find these impressive masses of icy water. These glaciers constitute one of the most beautiful places on the planet. But due to the warming of the earth’s surface, its surface has been considerably reduced due to the melting of ice.
The city of Venice
Venice is undoubtedly one of the most charming cities in the world. Situated in the south of Europe, it has been the scene of countless films. But your days may be numbered, since according to experts, the city sinks at a rate of 2 cm every 10 years. The cause of the sinking is determined by two factors: on the one hand, the rise in sea level and, on the other, the sinking of the city’s soil. So if you’ve ever wanted to visit Venice, don’t wait too long.
The Rainforests in Madagascar
The island of Madagascar lies to the south-east of the African continent. Its biodiversity is impressive and hosts up to 5% of all species and plants on the planet. But for some years now the island has been suffering dizzying degradation, mainly due to the felling of trees, poachers, mining, over-exploitation of agriculture and the expansion of its cities. The rainforests are one of the most affected areas and it is estimated that they could disappear if appropriate measures are not taken.