The way we understand the galaxy has changed a lot over the centuries. Now we think we have a more correct and concrete idea. But the reality is that we still have many things to understand and learn.
One of the most serious unknowns of all is the existence of black holes. Einstein was the first to think of them, but now several scientists are making significant advances today with the one that inhabits our Milky Way.
The race to definitively demonstrate the nature of the black hole in the solar system
The existence of the black hole in our universe has not been 100% proven. But several research teams are pointing their telescopes at a small star called S2 For what reason? It turns out that this body of light is very close to the edge, so every 16 years it passes very close to what is thought to be the centre of the Milky Way, where the much feared black hole is found.
Reinhard Genzel, professor at the Max Planck Institute for Extratresserrestrial Physics, directs this research. Genzel was the one who recently affirmed the existence of this great space tomb. And it estimates that it has a size of 4.14 million suns. The results are based on the presence of gas clouds that are very close to the hole.
The presence of the gas clouds was the element that gave them the final test. They are kept in orbit within a circle that is completed in 45 minutes. But most surprising of all is that the distance is 241 million kilometers. The distance they are at is enough to draw the edge of the black hole but, following Einstein’s theory, they are not close enough to fall into it.
Einstein’s predictions about our universe
Everything seems to indicate that the black space near the constellation Sagittarius is a black hole. But research continues and new data and results are still coming to light. In addition to that, other technological advances were also needed that will help in the outcome of space exploration. One of them was the infrared detectors that were developed in the 1990s and the optical techniques that will maximize the range of telescopes.
In addition to Genzel, we must also highlight the research being done by Andrea Ghez, an astrophysicist and professor at the University of California, in Los Angeles. His team is also in charge of observing the passage of the star S2 to discover more data related to the black hole, until then they have affirmed the enormous dimensions it possesses.
The fact that such a gigantic body can inhabit such a small space as our solar system is something that keeps our scientists on edge, but hopefully they will soon succeed and pay tribute to Einstein’s research.