In computer science, AI is defined as the “faculty of reasoning” possessed by a non-living agent. This faculty has the capacity to solve a problem. As well as practicing a sport and in short, everything a human being can do.
Artificial intelligence had a mild upsurge in the 1950s. When the well-known scientist Alan Turing was wondering if the artifacts would be able to think. These artifacts were basically computers and calculators.
Origin of Artificial Intelligence
Turing primarily intended to demonstrate the limits and differences of natural intelligence and artificial intelligence. And although the name AI was not accepted as such until 1956, Turing planned what would be the first computer capable of playing chess.
When he died prematurely being judged for his sexuality, scientist Von Neumann continued his work. I thought computers had to be designed from a model of the human brain.
However, it later became known that it was more advantageous to experiment with brain functions. In this way, a machine could be invented that could perform the same actions. Instead of developing a machine that was similar at a cellular level, it was better that it was similar in the way it processed information.
Neumann was based on Turing’s model and began developing an intelligence that was suitable for solving games. Such as checkers or chess, which had a large number of elements to calculate, make decisions, remember, problems to solve, correct errors, among other complex situations.
While computers are capable of responding to these stimuli, this does not mean that they assimilate them.
Types of Artificial Intelligence
The concept of Artificial Intelligence today is synonymous with everything that possesses an intelligence and reasoning like that of a human being without being one.
- Systems that emulate the operativity of the nervous system through artificial neural networks. This is a kind of automated intelligence of decision making, problem solving, and learning.
- Systems that emulate man’s physical behavior (androids). The goal of this type of AI is for robots to perform human activities more efficiently.
- Systems that copy the logical reasoning of humans, or rather, what they distinguish, think or act.
- Systems that operate rationally, in other words, that have the ability to perceive the environment and act accordingly.
At present, especially in the social network Telegram, the use of chatbots has been carried out. Chatbots are Artificial Intelligence systems that start a conversation with you. Users of this social network have found it difficult to differentiate between speaking with a system and with a simple human being. This experimentation follows an idea made by Alan Turing. In which he stated that Artificial Intelligence would exist until such time as we are unable to distinguish a difference between the two intelligences.
The biggest difference between human intelligence and artificial intelligence is that the latter systems do not have emotional intelligence. For this to become a reality, the robot would have to be supplied with feedback mechanisms. These mechanisms would allow you to modify your responses to suit different situations.
It should be noted that much progress has been made in this area. So much so that Artificial Intelligence systems are becoming more and more like humans.