Once false beliefs are generated , it is very difficult to make them disappear. People have a hard time eliminating that wrong opinion , even when there is a huge amount of evidence against them. It is a situation that arouses concern and therefore has been analyzed from a critical and academic point of view.
A recent work by the experts of the Open Mind of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology indicates a conjecture on this subject. Apparently, when a person gets many positive comments from a belief, then that person feels very certain that it is true.
And this truth endures over time, despite the emergence of evidence in the future that says otherwise.
The topic of disinformation: a reason for study
In the 21st century, misinformation or misinformation has become a topic of interest for many researchers.
What does this situation obey? Well, to the fact that with computer science, social networks and the Internet there is a great abundance of false information. This information, known as fake news , seems to captivate millions of people (even more than real information).
To this is added that people seem little interested in contrasting the data they read. Or in hearing adverse opinions to their beliefs. Why do people feel so sure of what they already know and do not contrast it with other information?
To clear the doubt described above, the Open Mind scholars of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology conducted a peculiar experiment. We will describe it below.
Experimenting with misinformation
The group of researchers carried out three experiments using the collaboration of online participants. All these people were contacted through the Mechanical Turk website .
In three tests and with separate groups, it was verified how the opinion was regarding certain images. To validate the tests they took the answers on each image of at least 500 people. Each of the participants was presented with different colorful shapes on a computer screen. Then, they were asked which of those images corresponded to a ” daxxy “.
It was indicated that a ” daxxy ” was an image with a particular color, shape and sizes. However, the participants never had accurate information about that color, shape and dimensions. Therefore, they had to guess which of the images presented was really a ” daxxy “. Before answering, they could match their responses with the comments of other participants to see if they were right.
The results of this experiment
The results showed that people felt not only safe, but convinced of their responses when others agreed. Therefore, it is concluded that the idea of ”certainty” often has to do with “acceptance.” That is, the conviction that something is right comes by conventionalism.
In a world dominated by the Internet, news that has a strong endorsement of the “digital community” becomes true. And everyone just accepting them. Things that although they may have failures, dislocated conjectures or asynchronies, it turns out that they are accepted as true and catapulted as dogmas.